What causes Back pain? It’s Symptoms, Diagnosis & best treatment.

Introduction –

Back pain is one of the most common problem people face nowadays. According to a report by the World Health Organization, about 80% of people experience back pain at some point in their lives. Back pain can range from mild to severe, and it can cause discomfort, difficulty in movement, and even disability. If your facing severe back pain, don’t ignore it. Consult the doctor immediately for Back pain treatment. 


 Back pain causes because many reasons for back pain, like injury, the strain of muscles, standing or sitting for unusually long periods, pregnancy, and more. Suppose you experience back pain that lasts longer than a few weeks, it is severe, and after resting also, if it is not improving and spreads down on one or both legs in the knee, causing weakness, numbness, or tingling in one or both legs, consult the doctor immediately.  

Muscle or ligament strain


Regularly lifting heavy weights or sudden awkward movements can strain back muscles and spinal cord ligaments. For people in poor physical condition, constant back strain can cause painful muscle spasms. 

Bulging or ruptured disks

Disks are soft materials that act as cushions between bone and spine. The soft material in the disk can bulge or rupture and press on a nerve. We can get to know about Disk diseases through spine X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs.


Osteoarthritis affects the lower back. Sometimes arthritis in the spine causes narrowing of the space around the spinal cord pain, which is called spinal stenosis.


The spines vertebrae develop painful breaks in bones and become porous and brittle.

Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis, also called axial spondyloarthritis, is an inflammatory disease. This makes the bone less flexible because of spine blending. 


To diagnose the cause of back pain, a doctor may do a physical exam and review the medical history in order to do diagnostic tests. Some of the most common diagnostic tests for back pain include

  • X-rays can help determine if there is a problem with the bones in the back, like broken bones or arthritis.  
  • MRI or CT scans: These tests can help determine if there is a problem with the herniated dicks, muscles, tissues, muscles, ligaments, or blood vessels.
  • EMG: An electromyography (EMG) test can help determine if there is a problem with the nerves in the back.
  • Blood tests. These can help determine whether an infection or other condition might be causing pain.


We can Prevent back pain by taking proactive steps to minimize our risk of back pain such as Maintaining good posture, especially when sitting or standing for extended periods, can help reduce strain on the back muscles and spine. Staying active and engaging in regular exercise can also strengthen the muscles that support the back and improve flexibility. Maintaining a healthy weight. It can also help reduce strain on the back. Avoiding activities that put unnecessary strain on the back, such as heavy lifting or sudden twisting movements, can also help prevent back pain. If you are experiencing back pain, seeing a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized back pain treatment plan is important.

Types of back pain:

Back pains can be differentiated depending on the duration and location of the pain. Doctors and researchers describe the types in the following ways.

  • Acute back pain happens suddenly and usually lasts a few days to a few weeks.
  • Subacute back pain: can come on suddenly or over time and lasts 4 to 12 weeks.
  • Chronic back pain may come on quickly or slowly, lasts longer than 12 weeks, and occurs daily.

Back pain may also be classified as neck pain (cervical), middle back pain (thoracic), lower back pain (lumbar), or coccydynia (tailbone or sacral pain), depending on the pain position. 


 Back pain Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the pain. In most cases, the pain can be treated conservatively without surgery. Some common treatments include:

1. Physical therapy: Exercises and stretches can help strengthen the muscles in the back and improve flexibility.

2. Heat or cold therapy: Applying heat or cold to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.

3. Massage therapy: This can help relieve muscle tension and stiffness.

4. Injections: Injections of corticosteroids or anesthetics can temporarily relieve pain.

5. Surgery: In severe cases, when other treatments are not reducing the pain, surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying issue causing the pain.

It’s important to consult with doctors to determine the best course of treatment for your specific condition.

When to see a doctor for treatment?

If you experience persistent back pain, seeking a doctor’s attention is important. You should consult a doctor if your back pain lasts over a few weeks, is severe, or is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, chills, or unexplained weight loss. Additionally, if you experience back pain after an injury or fall and if you have a history of cancer or osteoporosis, you should seek medical attention. Your doctor may recommend imaging tests, such as X-rays or an MRI, to help diagnose the underlying cause of your back pain and develop an effective treatment plan.


Back pain can be caused by various factors, including poor posture, muscle strain, injury, and underlying medical conditions. Back pain symptoms may include stiffness, numbness, and aching or sharp pain in the back. While many cases of back pain can be treated with rest and exercise, stretching, and over-the-counter pain medication, more severe or persistent cases may require medical intervention. It’s important to seek medical attention if your back pain is severe, interferes with daily activities, or is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever or weakness. Consult KBK Multispeciality Hospitals for diagnosis. We provide treatment depending on the patient’s health condition and the severity of the pain. We heal back pain completely with therapy and medications. 


1. What is the fastest way to relieve back pain?

The fastest way to relieve back pain can vary depending on the cause and severity of the pain. However, some common methods include back pain medications, massages, applying heat or ice to the affected area, stretching or doing gentle exercises, and getting enough rest and sleep. It is important to consult a doctor to determine the pain’s underlying cause and develop a personalized backbone treatment plan. In severe cases, consult specialists. Orthopedic and spine specialists and interventions may be necessary to relieve back pain effectively.

2. How can I cure my back pain at home?

There are many ways to relieve minor back pain at home, for example, Applying heat or ice to the affected area, Stretching and exercising to improve flexibility and strength, Maintaining a good posture while sitting, Getting sufficient rest, and avoiding strenuous activities that aggravate the pain, trying relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or meditation, Using topical pain relief creams or patches. However, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider before trying new home remedies or self-treatment for back pain. If the pain persists or worsens, seeking medical attention is essential.

3. Does back pain go away naturally?

Back pain can go away naturally in some cases, especially if a minor strain or injury causes it. Rest, ice, or heat therapy, or with other back pain medications may help alleviate the symptoms. However, if the pain persists or is accompanied by other symptoms such as numbness, tingling, or weakness, it is important to seek medical attention as it may be a sign of a more serious underlying condition. In some cases, professional medical treatment may be necessary to treat and manage back pain effectively.

4. When is back pain serious?

Back pain can be serious when accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, chills, unexplained weight loss, weakness or numbness in the legs, difficulty urinating or controlling bladder or bowel movements, or severe pain that does not improve with rest or back pain medications. Additionally, you should seek medical attention for back pain if you have a history of cancer, osteoporosis, or recent trauma. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or have concerns about your back pain, it is important to speak with a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

5. How to sleep with back pain?

Sleeping with back pain is challenging even to sleep. These are tips that can help you sleep when you’re having pain. Sleep on your back with your pillow underneath your knees, sleep on your stomach with a cushion beneath your pelvis and your lower abdomen on your side with a pillow between your knees, Lie backward in a reclining position, sleep In a fetal posture, and lie on your side.

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